cDNAs encoding three cytochrome P-450 enzymes were cloned from a rabbit kidney cDNA library. These three cDNAs exhibit greater than 90% nucleotide sequence identity across the coding region. This degree of sequence identity is also seen with P450IVA4, an enzyme that catalyzes the omega-hydroxylation of prostaglandins and that is elevated during pregnancy and induced by progesterone in rabbit lung. The 3' untranslated regions of the three cDNAs display very little sequence identity, suggesting that they are the products of distinct genes. The predicted amino acid sequences derived from each cDNA and for P450IVA4 exhibit about 85% identity. Each cDNA was inserted into an expression vector for transient transfection of COS-1 cells. The transfected cells each expressed a protein recognized by antibodies to P450IVA4. Microsomes isolated from the cells transfected with each cDNA efficiently catalyzed the omega-hydroxylation of lauric acid with rates that greatly exceed that catalyzed by microsomes isolated from the host cell line. One of the cDNAs encodes an enzyme that omega-hydroxylates prostaglandin A1; however, the specific activity was 2 orders of magnitude lower than that for lauric acid. Our results indicate that the substrate selectivity of the kidney P-450s encoded by these cDNAs is distinct from that of the lung P450IVA4 and that multiple enzymes comprise P-450 class IVA in the rabbit.