Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) seropositive donors typically have high serum antibody titers to a range of autoantigens, and the corresponding autoantibodies have been suggested to be of importance in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. We have prepared 38 IgG human monoclonal autoantibodies from asymptomatic HIV-1 seropositive donors with elevated serum titers to autoantigens by construction of Fab combinatorial libraries on the surface of phage and affinity selection using a range of autoantigens, including double-stranded DNA, major histocompatibility complex class II, CD14, epidermal growth factor receptor, and ganglioside GD2. The autoantibodies are shown to be of moderate affinity and exhibit marked cross-reactivity with a range of antigens. This contrasts with the specific high-affinity antibodies selected (i) against infectious agents using the same libraries and (ii) against one of the autoantigens using a library from a donor with established autoimmune disease. The results lend no support to the presence of specific autoantibodies in HIV-1 infection and instead suggest attention should be focused on the pathological significance of high serum levels of antibodies capable of interacting with multiple molecular species.