cDNA corresponding to mouse IgE heavy (epsilon) chain mRNA was cloned from mouse IgE-secreting hybridoma cells. A clone containing the epsilon cDNA insert was identified by hybridization to epsilon mRNA and subsequent translation in vitro to unprocessed epsilon chain reactive with anti-mouse IgE antibodies. This clone was used to select 20 other epsilon cDNA clones by colony hybridization. The clone containing the longest insert was selected and the epsilon cDNA insert was subjected to sequence analysis. The determined sequence is 1,279 nucleotides long and contains the coding regions for part of the constant region (C epsilon) I and all of the C epsilon 2, C epsilon 3, and C epsilon 4 domains and also the entire 3' untranslated region of epsilon mRNA. When the amino acid sequence determined from the nucleotide sequence is compared to that of human epsilon chain, significant homologies between corresponding domains of the two epsilon chains are found, including conservations in cysteine and tryptophan residues and carbohydrate attachment sites.