Time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies of the isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane have provided the difference electron density profile for the SR membrane for which the Ca2+ ATPase is transiently trapped exclusively in the first phosphorylated intermediate state, E1 approximately P, in absence of detectable enzyme turnover vs. that before ATP-initiated phosphorylation of the enzyme. These diffraction studies, which utilized the flash-photolysis of caged ATP, were performed at temperatures between 0 and -2 degrees C and with a time-resolution of 2-5 s. Analogous time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies of the SR membrane at 7-8 degrees C with a time resolution of 0.2-0.5 s have previously provided the difference electron density profile for the SR membrane for which the Ca2+ ATPase is only predominately in the first phosphorylated intermediate state under conditions of enzyme turnover vs. that before enzyme phosphorylation. The two difference profiles, compared at the same low resolution (approximately 40 A), are qualitatively similar but nevertheless contain some distinctly different features and have therefore been analyzed via a step-function model analysis. This analysis was based on the refined step-function models for the two different electron density profiles obtained independently from x-ray diffraction studies at higher resolution (16-17 A) of the SR membrane before enzyme phosphorylation at 7.5 and -2 degrees C. The step-function model analysis indicated that the low resolution difference profiles derived from both time-resolved x-ray diffraction experiments arise from a net movement of Ca2+ ATPase protein mass from the outer monolayer to the inner monolayer of the SR membrane lipid bilayer. The conserved redistribution of this protein mass is however somewhat different for the two cases, especially at the extravesicular membrane surface containing the Ca2+ATPase "headpiece." However, the conserved redistribution of protein mass within the SR membrane lipid bilayer common to both cases is clearly due to E1~P formation.