The transfer of [14C]glucose from UDP-[14C]glucose to lipid intermediates and glycoproteins was decreased in regenerating rat liver microsomes 24 h after partial hepatectomy. In regenerating liver microsomes, the concentration of free dolichyl phosphate (Dol-P) was significantly decreased. However, it was only about 10% of total Dol-P, which was not significantly changed. On the addition of exogenous Dol-P, the transfer of [14C]glucose to glycoproteins was still decreased, while the decrease of the transfer to lipid intermediates was no longer observed. These results suggest that the glycoprotein synthesis is not regulated by the amount of Dol-P in regenerating liver microsomes. Oligosaccharide obtained from [14C]glucosyl-oligosaccharide-lipid was not distinguishable between regenerating liver and control by paper chromatography. The oligosaccharide transfer to protein in microsomes was compared by using [14C]glucosyl-oligosaccharide-lipid as oligosaccharide donor. The transfer of oligosaccharide to endogenous proteins decreased to 77% of control in regenerating liver and the transfer to exogenously added denatured alpha-lactalbumin decreased to 59% of control. Therefore, it is unlikely that the acceptor capacity of endogenous protein is decreased in regenerating liver. Neither the change in oligosaccharide-lipid under the condition for oligosaccharide transfer assay nor the stability of oligosaccharide transferase was different between regenerating liver and control. These results strongly suggest that the decrease in the activity of the oligosaccharide transferase in microsomes causes the decrease of glycoprotein synthesis in regenerating liver, which was shown in our previous studies.