Hoch, J. A. (University of Illinois, Urbana), and R. D. DeMoss. Physiological effects of a constitutive tryptophanase in Bacillus alvei. J. Bacteriol. 90:604-610. 1965.-Tryptophanase synthesis in B. alvei is not under the control of tryptophan and is not subject to catabolite repression. Exogenously supplied tryptophan was converted to indole by tryptophanase, and was excreted into the culture medium. The amount of indole excreted was dependent upon the concentration of tryptophan supplied. At intermediate levels of tryptophan (5 to 15 mug/ml), the excreted indole was completely reutilized by the cell, in contrast to the result with higher levels. Indole reutil zation was shown to be dependent upon a functional tryptophan synthetase. In the absience of exogenous tryptophan, indole was excreted into the culture medium at an earlier physiological age. The early indole was shown not to be a consequence of tryptophanase action. The early indole accompanied uniformly the normal process of tryptophan biosynthesis, and the fission of indole-3-glycerol phosphate was suggested as the origin of the excreted indole.