Here, the synthesis of a bowl-shaped molecule is described and evidence of its reversible dimerization by means of hydrogen bonds is presented. The dimer features a flattened spherical cavity of peculiar symmetry and acts as a host for the encapsulation of guest molecules of complementary shape. Encapsulation of aromatic guests in chloroform solution and of cyclohexane in p-xylene solution was demonstrated by nuclear magnetic resonance experiments. The passage of guests into and out of the cavity is slow and occurs on a time scale of hours. The system was used to explore the effects of size, shape, and solvation on molecular recognition coupled with assembly.