The use of ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption (MALD) to ionize peptides and proteins for analysis in a quadrupole ion trap is described. An ion source was modified to accommodate a fiber optic to transmit laser radiation from a nitrogen laser (337 nm) to the tip of the sample probe containing peptide or protein samples in a matrix of 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) or 3,4-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid. Detection limits are demonstrated with 10 fmol of sperm-whale myoglobin. The dimer of sperm-whale myoglobin was also observed at m/z 34,430. A comparison is made of the tandem mass spectrum of (MS/MS) of human angiotensin I desorbed by MALD to that of the peptide desorbed by liquid secondary-ion mass spectrometry. Both spectra were found to contain abundant structural information.