Antisera were obtained from a rabbit immunized with Penicillium verrucosum var. verrucosum. These antisera were characterized by immunofluorescence and by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for their reactivity with 44 strains of moulds. Antigenically, P. verrucosum var. verrucosum (subgenus Penicillium) appears to be similar to strains belonging to subgenus Furcatum, but strongly different from Penicillium frequentans (subgenus Aspergilloides). Specific absorption of antibodies to antigens confirmed the existence of similar biochemical structures on Penicillium frequentans, Aspergillus versicolor, and Aspergillus fumigatus. Immunological procedures may thus significantly contribute to refine the taxonomic classification of moulds.