The type 1 inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R1) is an intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) release channel that plays an important role in neuronal function. In yeast two-hybrid screen of rat brain cDNA library with the InsP(3)R1 carboxy-terminal bait we isolated multiple clones of neuronal cytoskeletal protein 4.1N. We mapped the 4.1N-interaction site to a short fragment (50 amino acids) within the carboxy-terminal tail of the InsP(3)R1 and the InsP(3)R1-interaction site to the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of 4.1N. We established that InsP(3)R1 carboxy-terminal binds selectively to the CTDDelta alternatively spliced form of the 4.1N protein. In biochemical experiments we demonstrated that 4.1N and InsP(3)R1 specifically associate in vitro. We showed that both 4.1N and InsP(3)R1 were enriched in synaptic locations and immunoprecipitated the 4.1N-InsP(3)R1 complex from rat brain synaptosomes. In biochemical experiments we demonstrated a possibility of InsP(3)R1-4.1N-CASK-syndecan-2 quaternary complex formation. From our findings we hypothesize that InsP(3)R1-4.1N association may play a role in InsP(3)R1 localization or Ca(2+) signaling in neurons.