Viral capsids are composed of multiple copies of one or a few gene products that self-assemble on their own or in the presence of the viral genome and/or auxiliary proteins into closed shells (capsids). We have analyzed 75 high-resolution virus capsid structures by calculating the average fraction of the solvent-accessible surface area of the coat protein subunits buried in the viral capsids. This fraction ranges from 0 to 1 and represents a normalized protein-protein interaction (PPI) index and is a measure of the extent of protein-protein interactions. The PPI indices were used to compare the extent of association of subunits among different capsids. We further examined the variation of the PPI indices as a function of the molecular weight of the coat protein subunit and the capsid diameter. Our results suggest that the PPI indices in T=1 and pseudo-T=3 capsids vary linearly with the molecular weight of the subunit and capsid size. This is in contrast to quasi-equivalent capsids with T>or=3, where the extent of protein-protein interactions is relatively independent of the subunit and capsid sizes. The striking outcome of this analysis is the distinctive clustering of the "T=2" capsids, which are distinguished by higher subunit molecular weights and a much lower degree of protein-protein interactions. Furthermore, the calculated residual (R(sym)) of the fraction buried surface areas of the structurally unique subunits in capsids with T>1 was used to calculate the quasi-equivalence of different subunit environments.