An African American male of West Indies descent was diagnosed to have elevated transferrin saturation, hyperferritinemia, severe iron deposition in hepatocytes, and hepatic cirrhosis at age 4. He was treated with serial phlebotomy to maintain a normal serum ferritin concentration thereafter. We evaluated him at age 23 and confirmed that he had normal serum ferritin levels, severe iron deposition in hepatocytes, hepatic cirrhosis, and portal hypertension. He did not have endocrinopathy, cardiomyopathy, or arthropathy. He was homozygous for the novel hemojuvelin (HJV) premature stop-codon mutation R54X (exon 3; c.160A-->T). He did not have either HFE C282Y, H63D, or S65C, or deleterious coding region mutations of SLC40A1, TFR2, or HAMP. His erythrocyte measures and hemoglobin electrophoresis were consistent with alpha-thalassemia trait. We conclude that homozygosity for HJV R54X accounts for his severe, early age-of-onset hemochromatosis; his phenotype was probably modified by serial phlebotomy therapy.