The streptavidin two-dimensional (2D) crystallization model has served as a paradigm for molecular self-assembly at interfaces. We have developed quantitative Brewster angle microscopy for the in situ measurement of spatially resolved relative protein surface densities. This allows investigation of both the thermodynamics and morphologies of 2D crystal growth. For crystal structure analysis, we employ TEM on grown crystals transferred to solid substrates. Comparison of results between commercially available streptavidin, recombinant streptavidin, and site-directed streptavidin mutants has provided insight into the protein protein and protein-lipid interactions that underlie 2D crystallization.