Constitutive expression of tissue factor (TF) by cancer cells triggers local and systemic activation of the coagulation cascade and is a major cause of cancer-associated thrombosis. Primary breast cancer biopsies show a marked upregulation of TF and protease activated receptor (PAR) 2, as well as increased TF cytoplasmic domain phosphorylation that is correlated with cancer relapse. TF signaling involving PAR2 and integrins has multiple effects on angiogenesis and tumor progression. The non-coagulant, alternatively spliced form of TF retains an integrin-binding site and, upon deposition into the tumor stroma, stimulates angiogenesis by ligating endothelial integrins alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(6)beta(1). On tumor cells, full-length TF is constitutively associated with laminin-binding beta(1) integrins that support TF-VIIa-PAR2 signaling leading to upregulation of pro-angiogenic and immune modulatory cytokines and growth factors. Deficiency of PAR2, but not of the thrombin receptor PAR1, delays spontaneous breast cancer development and the angiogenic switch in mice. In addition, human xenograft breast cancer growth and angiogenesis is suppressed by selective antibody inhibition of TF-VIIa-PAR2 signaling, but not by blocking TF initiated coagulation. Thus, interruption of TF signaling represents a potential anti-angiogenic strategy that does not carry an increased risk of bleeding associated with prolonged inhibition of the TF coagulation pathway.