Static and transient hydrogen-bonding interactions in recombinant desulfatohirudin studied by h-1 nuclear magnetic-resonance measurements of amide proton-exchange rates and ph-dependent chemical-shifts
With proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 22 degrees C and pD 4.5, individual exchange rates in the range from 2 X 10(-5) to 1 X 10(-1) min-1 were observed for 23 amide protons in recombinant desulfatohirudin. The remaining 38 backbone amide protons exchange more rapidly than 1 X 10(-1) min-1. All 23 slowly exchanging protons are located in the polypeptide segment from residue 4 to residue 42, which forms a well-defined globular domain. Three different breathing modes of this molecular region are manifested in the exchange data, which appear to be correlated with the location of the three disulfide bonds. Chemical shift changes larger than 0.15 ppm between pH 2.5 and pH 5.0 arising from through-space interactions with carboxyl groups were observed for seven backbone amide protons. Two of these shifts can be explained by hydrogen bonds in the core of the protein, Gly 25 NH-Glu 43 O epsilon and Ser 32 NH-Asp 33 O delta, and two others by intraresidual NH-O epsilon interactions in Glu 61 and Glu 62. The remaining three pH shifts for Glu 35, Cys 39, and Ile 59 imply the existence of transient interactions between the molecular core and the flexible C-terminal segment 49-65, which have so far not been characterized by nuclear Overhauser effects or other conformational constraints.