The DIURNAL project ( http://diurnal.cgrb.oregonstate.edu/ ) provides a graphical interface for mining and viewing diurnal and circadian microarray data for Arabidopsis thaliana, poplar, and rice. The database is searchable and provides access to several user-friendly Web-based data-mining tools with easy-to-understand output. The associated tools include HAYSTACK ( http://haystack.cgrb.oregonstate.edu/ ) and ELEMENT ( http://element.cgrb.oregonstate.edu/ ). HAYSTACK is a model-based pattern-matching algorithm for identifying genes that are coexpressed and potentially coregulated. HAYSTACK can be used to analyze virtually any large-scale microarray data set and provides an alternative method for clustering microarray data from any experimental system by grouping together genes whose expression patterns match the same or similar user-defined patterns. ELEMENT is a Web-based program for identifying potential cis-regulatory elements in the promoters of coregulated genes in Arabidopsis, poplar, and rice. Together, DIURNAL, HAYSTACK, and ELEMENT can be used to facilitate cross-species comparisons among the plant species supported and to accelerate functional genomics efforts in the laboratory.