The coordination of developmental and physiological events with environmental signals is facilitated by the action of the circadian clock. Here we report a new set of circadian clock-controlled phenotypes for Arabidopsis thaliana. We use these markers together with the short-period mutant, toc1-1, and the clock-controlled cab2::luciferase reporter gene to assess the nature of the circadian clock throughout development and to suggest the position of TOC1 within the circadian clock system. In dark-grown seedlings, the toc1-1 lesion conferred a short period to the cycling of cab2::luciferase luminescence, as previously found in light-grown plants, indicating that the circadian clocks in these two divergent developmental states share at least one component. Stomatal conductance rhythms were similarly approximately 3 hours shorter than wild type in toc1-1, suggesting that a cell-autonomous clockwork may be active in guard cells in 5- to 6-week-old leaves. The effect of daylength on flowering time in the C24 ecotype was diminished by toc1-1, and was nearly eliminated in the Landsberg erecta background where the plants flowered equally early in both short and long days. Throughout a 500-fold range of red light intensities, both the wild type and the mutant showed an inverse log-linear relationship of fluence rate to period, with a 2-3 hour shorter period for the mutant at all intensities. These results indicate that TOC1 acts on or within the clock independently of light input. Temperature entrainment appears normal in toc1-1, and the period-shortening effects of the mutant remain unchanged over a 20 degrees C temperature range. Taken together our results are consistent with the likelihood that TOC1 codes for an oscillator component rather than for an element of an input signaling pathway. In addition, the pervasive effect of toc1-1 on a variety of clock-controlled processes throughout development suggests that a single circadian system is primarily responsible for controlling most, if not all, circadian rhythms in the plant.