We identified the point mutations in two unrelated patients with von Willebrand disease (vWD) type 2B using sequence analyses of the gene, pseudogene and messenger RNA of vWF. Both patients were determined to be heterozygotes with amino acid transitions of 1308 Arg-->Cys in Case 1 and 1316 Val-->Met in Case 2. Moreover, we also found single base transitions 7541 A-->G in intron 27 of the active gene, and 7642 A-->G, which thus destroyed the Kpn 1 site, in its pseudogene in both cases. Since these mutations represented changes in the base between the gene and its pseudogene, we studied the presence of gene conversion in exon 28 of vWF gene to clarify its pathological role. Using RT-PCR and an allele-specific restriction enzyme analysis, we identified no gene conversions in this region in four other patients with vWD, 25 normal subjects and one cell line, MEG01. Based on these findings, gene conversion in the vWF gene is not considered to be a frequent phenomenon in either vWD patients or normal subjects.