Development of thymocytes through the positive selection checkpoint requires the rearrangement and expression of a suitable T cell receptor (TCR) α-chain that can pair with the already-expressed β-chain to make a TCR that is selectable. That is, it must have sufficient affinity for self MHC-peptide to induce the signals required for differentiation, but not too strong so as to induce cell death. Because both alleles of the α-chain continue to rearrange until a positively-selectable heterodimer is formed, thymocytes and T cells can in principle express dual α-chains. However, cell-surface expression of two TCRs is comparatively rare in mature T cells because of post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms termed "phenotypic allelic exclusion". We produced mice transgenic for a rearranged β-chain and for two unrearranged α-chains on a genetic background where endogenous α-chains could not be rearranged. Both Vα3.2 and Vα2 containing α-chains were efficiently positively selected, to the extent that a population of dual α-chain-bearing cells was not distinguishable from single α-chain-expressors. Surprisingly, Vα3.2-expressing cells were much more frequent than the Vα2 transgene-expressing cells, even though this Vα3.2-Vβ5 combination can reconstitute a known selectable TCR. In accord with previous work on the Vα3 repertoire, T cells bearing Vα3.2 expressed from the rearranged minilocus were predominantly selected into the CD8+ T cell subpopulation. Because of the dominance of Vα3.2 expression over Vα2 expressed from the miniloci, the peripheral T cell population was predominantly CD8+ cells.